Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy

MOOC Summaries - Reinvent Yourself Unleash Creativity - Observation and AnalogyTopic 5 – Observation and Analogy 

“Observation … Observation is complacent … Observational biases … Analogy … Associative hierarchies … Discussion of stop & thinks … Wrap-Up”
(Source)

Summaries

  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Observation > Observation
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Observation is complacent > Observation is Complacent
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Observational biases > Observational Biases
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Analogy > Analogy
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Associative hierarchies > Associative Hierarchies
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Discussion of stop & thinks > Discussion of Stop & Thinks
  • Topic 5 - Observation and Analogy > Topic 5 Wrap-Up > Concept Review

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Observation > Observation

  • Learn to build a tool box full of aids for frame breaking, the G of PIG In MuD.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Observation is complacent > Observation is Complacent

  • Our sensory systems are designed to notice changes, not consistency.
  • We simply become unaware or we automatically work around anomalies.
  • It means to accept the minimal condition rather than to pursue the optimal.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Observational biases > Observational Biases

  • We focus on what we consider to be most relevant, but what is most relevant to us? Not surprisingly, it’s what we expect to see.
  • The bias of seeing only the expected can be perilous in producing biased stereotypes.
  • Overcoming standard pattern recognition is needed to see imperfections and the need for improvements.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Analogy > Analogy

  • Analogy is one of the most common tools used by scientists and business people to come up with new ideas.
  • Analogies are associations in which we find commonalities between things.
  • With metaphors, we fully equate the things, whereas with analogies, we appreciate similarities as well as differences.
  • Analogies help us to better understand intangible concepts by relating them to something readily observable.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Associative hierarchies > Associative Hierarchies

  • A discussion and examples of flat associations versus steep associations.
  • The ability to generate more associates and more original associates leads to surprising new ideas that can even help to jog memory.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Discussion of stop & thinks > Discussion of Stop & Thinks

  • Observation and analogy are useful tools in the PIG In MuD toolbox.
  • Observation, when it involves a repeated stimulus, becomes complacent.
  • Analogies are useful in detecting associations to other things that may serve to answer questions or solve problems.

Topic 5 – Observation and Analogy > Topic 5 Wrap-Up > Concept Review

  • Observation and analogy are useful tools in the PIG In MuD toolbox.
  • Neither is terribly outside the box yet both provide propulsion to launch innovation.
  • Observation, when it involves a repeated stimulus, becomes complacent.
  • Both of these attributes work against innovation in that they conceal anomalies and they obstruct full awareness.

Return to Summaries List.

 photo: depositphotos/prometeus

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